Yes, we know that you might be confusing the muffler and the exhaust if you are new to working with your car. But this time, you won’t find it confusing anymore! Exhaust is what takes away the exhaust gases and the muffler is what silences the engine noise! It is simple! Yes, it is but there are other differences between them in terms of their functions.
We have two different sectors here so to make you understand the difference between exhaust and muffler! If you are a vehicle lover, you must learn it beforehand!
Exhaust System vs. Muffler: Know the Engine
First of all, we will learn about both the exhaust and the muffler and then we will discuss the differences they have. Let us begin!
What is Exhaust System?
Inside the engine, there is controlled combustion. The work of the exhaust system for Silverado or any other vehicle is to help the reaction exhaust gases get away from this combustion. There can be one or more than one exhaust pipe in the whole system.
It helps in conveying the burnt gases from your vehicle’s engine. In a shorter word, collecting the exhaust gases is all that an exhaust system does. It collects the gasses from the cylinders. Along with this, it helps in removing harmful substances.
While Apart from this work, it aids in lessening the noise level of your vehicle. Yes, the engine works hard and it is necessary to discharge the purified exhaust gases away from its occupants. The whole work is done by the exhaust system.
What is a Muffler?
Now, you might think that the muffler and the exhaust system are the same but that’s not the case here. The muffler is also known as a vehicle silencer or just silencer. This is used in several devices along with your favorite car.
As the name says, the job it does is silencing or reducing the noise. When you start the engine, their exhaust of the internal combustion engine will emit loud noises. And if there is no silencer in your vehicle, you might not be able to sit inside it for the noise you will face. In short, the muffler in a vehicle is a noise-deadening device.
Apart from the noise, it helps in dampening the emissions too. As these are designed with steel and the coating is done with aluminum. They are protected from the heat that the exhaust system releases along with the chemicals. If you want to know what is the basic work of a muffler then it is to dissipate the loud noise that the piston and valves of the engine create.
Exhaust vs. Muffler: All About Your Car
Here, in detail, we will discuss the functional difference between exhaust and muffler. We will also point out the differences so that it is easy for you to understand the basics.
The exhaust system works for what the name says. No matter you are talking about the exhaust for chevy colorado or your Ford Ranger, the only work of this system is to keep away the exhaust gases. A specific set of piping is called an exhaust system. This set is designed in a way that it will gather the exhaust gas from the motor engine-controlled combustion and take the gas away.
If you don’t know what is exhaust then let us explain in short words. When your engine works, gases are created. And there will be burnt gas to run the engine. Exhaust is the burnt gas that runs your engine.
Components of Exhaust System: How it Works
Now, let us have a look at the components of an exhaust system. There are two different operating components of an exhaust system. The first component is connected to the expulsion of the cylinder’s expulsion gases. When the engine runs, there will be hot gas that will come out of your cylinder. This gas will move to the header primary tube eventually.
On the other hand, the second component of the exhaust system is the pressure wave movement. When the exhaust valves of your system open, it helps in gaining variations in the port.
Pressure waves occur in the second component. When this happens, the first component’s cylinder manipulates the pressure waves. And eventually, it helps in the inflow of fresh charges.
In this situation, the exhaust valve exposes in the four-stroke piston engine, the cylinder pressure will be more than the atmospheric pressure. On the other hand, the valve pressure in the exhaust port will be near one bar. So, in easy words, there will be a rapidly changing valve aperture here.
And the pressure variation across it will help the burnt gas go through the opening. Eventually, there will be an increment in the pressure behind the port valve. In this case, keep in mind that the velocity of the burnt gas flow in any specific point will be proportional to the cross-sectional area and pressure gradient of that point.
So, if there is a tiny change in the header, there will be an increment in the velocity. When you go for smaller headers, there will surely be gas flow loss. And then, the pressure gradient will increase. The exhaust pipes should be designed in a way that is capable of carrying the all toxic gasses away from the vehicle and keep the engine working!
As we told you before, a muffler is a soundproofing device for your vehicle that helps in lessening the sound of your engine. It helps by acoustic quieting. Just like the exhaust system, there is a set of pipes here. But in these pipes, there are holes added.
Works Process: How does Muffler Works?
There is a resonator added to the first pipe through the hole. In this, there will be a specific amount of air along with a specific length. This will help in creating a wave. The wave’s work is to cancel out the frequency of sound (a certain amount.) The exhaust valves will expose slowly and there will be pulses. And eventually, you will see a sudden high-pressure gas burst.
It will enter the exhaust system. As this is high-pressure gas, the molecules will start colliding with each under inside the pipe. They will force each up and try to stack up. At this point, they will mound on the gas molecule and the position will be down the pipe. For this, a low-pressure field will be created behind them and the wave of the sound will start moving through the pipe with a speedier version.
When the sound waves and the exhaust gasses enter the center pipe, they will bounce and will go to the muffler’s main body. When they reach, the same process will be repeated and they will go through the next chamber or pipes until it goes to the last pipe.
However, at times, the muffler can make the exhaust flow slow. As a result, it gets tough for the engine to expel the gas with a loud sound. In this case, you will need a glass-pack sound-absorbing muffler and that’s all!
The differences mentioned here are the basic differences between the muffler and the exhaust. In short, their functionality is the dissimilarity between them. They both work with the engine and keep your car moving and safe!
If you want to know more, you can go through the blog. We have everything here that you want to know about exhaust and your car! Go for it!
Hi, I am, Raphael E Loy, have profound knowledge of the automotive industry, and my passion for the car goes beyond just the technical aspects. For the past decade, I have pursued a carrier in automotive photography and journalism. I am a car enthusiast and love everything that has to do with cars and automotive vehicles. In my leisure time, I can be found in my small garage under the hood of a rare model. Over the years of experience in line with this, I have been writing for popular blogs and websites.